The Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology offers following courses for undergraduate students.

BMB 135 Chemistry of Biomolecules (4.5 Cr. Hr.): This course is designed for First year students under Faculty of Agriculture and Fisheries.

Biochemistry and Biomolecules: Definition and Importance of Biochemistry and Biomolecules.

Carbohydrates: Definition, Occurrence, Functions, Classification, Chemical and Physical Properties, Chemistry of Monosaccharides and Disaccharides. Composition and Linkages of Polysaccharides with Special Reference to Starch, Cellulose, Glycogen and Cell Wall Polysaccharides.

Proteins: Definition, Occurrence, Functions, Classification, Different structures of Proteins, Chemical and Physical Properties, Reactions of Amino acids, Denaturation of Proteins, Peptide Bonds and Proteins, Hydrolysis of Proteins, Acid-Base properties of Amino acids, Isoelectric Point, Globular and Fibrous proteins.

Lipids: Definition, Occurrence, Functions, Classification, Chemical and Physical Properties, Fatty Acid Composition of Fats, Characterization of Fat, Oil and Waxes; Phospholipids with special reference to lecithin and cephalin, Glycolipids and Cholesterol.

Nucleic Acids: Definition, Occurrence, Roles of nucleic acids, Classification, Structural Features, Concept of Central dogma.

Enzymes: Definition, Functions, Classification, Concept of Active Centre, Coenzymes and Prosthetic Groups, Mode of Actions, Factors Affecting Enzymatic Reactions, Inhibition and Regulation of Enzymes. Principle of Enzyme Assay.

Hormones: Definition, Occurrence, Functions, Classification, Physiological and Biochemical Functions.

Secondary Plant Compounds: Occurrence and physiological action of a) Alkaloids, b) Isoprenoids, c) Glycosides.

Micronutrients (Vitamins and Minerals): Classification, Occurrence, Biochemical Functions, Deficiency Symptoms, RDA.

BMB 131 Biophysics and Chemistry of Biomolecules (4.5 Cr. Hr.): This course is designed for First year students under Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.

Theory: Solutions and methods of expressing concentration, Law of mass action, Water, acids, bases and electrolytes pH and buffers. Surface tension, Viscosity. Adsorption, Colloidal state and membrane phenomenon. Diffusion and osmosis, Spectrophotometry, Electrophoresis, Isoelectric focusing chromatography.

Carbohydrates: Occurrence, classification, biological importance of carbohydrates and their derivatives. Cell wall polysaccharides.

Proteins: Classification and physiochemical properties, Classification of amino acids, Naturally occurring peptides, Determination of amino terminal and carboxy terminal amino acids, Concept of protein structures, Denaturation.

Lipids: Classification, biological importance and functions, Chemistry of fatty acids, fats, phospholipids, sphingolipids, glycolipids, and sterols, Lipids as membrane constituents, Characterization of fat.

Nucleic acids: Occurrence, classification, composition, structural features and physiochemical properties.

Hormones: Chemical nature, classification and biochemical functions.


BMB 265 Metabolism of Biomolecules (4.5 Cr. Hr.) : This course is designed for Second year students under Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries and Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.

Digestion and Absorption of Foods in Human Body: Digestion and Absorption of Carbohydrates; Digestion and Absorption of Protein; Digestion, Absorption and Secretion of Dietary Lipid.

Carbohydrate Metabolism: Basic Concepts of Metabolism (Definition of Metabolism, Catabolism, Anabolism, Regulation of Metabolism), Glucose Breakdown (Glycolysis), Fructose and Galactose Metabolism, Glycogen breakdown (Glycogenolysis), TCA (Citric Acid Cycle/Krebs Cycle), Electron Transport Chain (ETC), Gluconeogenesis, Pentose Phosphate Pathway (HMP), Biosynthesis of Sucrose and Starch

Protein Metabolism: Transamination, Oxidative Deamination, Decarboxylation, Urea Cycle, Metabolism of Ammonia, Toxicity of Ammonia, Metabolism of carbon skeletons of amino acids, Biosynthesis of non-essential amino acids,  Metabolic defects in amino acid metabolism.

Lipid Metabolism: Mobilization of Stored Fats and Beta-Oxidation of Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Bile Acids, Bile Salts, Plasma Lipoproteins, Lipid Peroxidation, Glyoxalate pathway, Biosynthesis of Fatty Acids.

 Bioenergetics: Definition, Free Energy, Enthalpy, Entropy, ATP as a Universal Energy Carrier. Exergonic and Endergonic reactions, ADP-ATP cycle.

Nucleic Acids: Replication, Transcription and Translation (Protein synthesis).

Nutrition: Foods, Nutrients (Macronutrients and Micronutrients), Nutrients Requirements in Humans, RDA, PER, NPU, Biologic Value, Balanced Diets, Dietary Principles, Basal metabolic requirement (BMR), Energy Requirements in Humans, Macronutrients, Dietary fiber, Protein Caloric Malnutrition (Marasmus, Kwashiorkor), Obesity-Cancer and Diets.

Instrumental Methods for Analysis: Principle and Uses of pH Meter, Spectrophotometer, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS), Mass Spectrometry (MS), Chromatography (HPLC, TLC), Colorimetry,  Fluorimetry.