ANH 101 Gross Anatomy I

Course Credits (3+1.5)

Theory: Introduction: Definition, importance, classification of anatomy, topographic and descriptive terms. Osteology: Classification, composition, physical properties and structure of bones. Description and classification of skeleton; bones of different organs/parts of domestic animals. Arthrology (Syndesmology): Classification and structure of joints. Articulation and ligaments of different areas of body in domestic animals. Myology: Structural and functional classification of muscles. Gross study of skeletal muscles of different regions of body with their origin, insertion and action. Angiology: Gross morphology of heart and disposition of arteries, veins and lymphatics of domestic animals.

Practical: Morphological study of the bones of axial and appendicular skeleton, joints and organs of circulation of domestic animals. Dissection of domestic animals to study skeletal muscles of head, neck, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, tail and limbs.


ANH 102 General Histology & Embryology

Course Credit: 3+1.5

Theory: General Histology: Introduction: Definition and importance of histology and its relationship with other subjects. Cytology: Cells and their organelles, structures, composition, physical properties, characteristics, and functions. Basic tissues: Classification, locations, characteristics and function of epithelia and their modification, connective tissue and their components including blood and bone, muscular tissue and their functions. Neuron, nerve fibre and ganglions.

Embryology: Fundamental concepts and scopes of embryology. Gametogenesis, fertilization, cleavage, gastrulation, and the development of foetal membranes in domestic animals and birds. Structure and types of mammalian placenta. Development of the organs of digestive, respiratory, urogenital, cardiovascular and nervous system, organs of special sense and endocrine glands. Fetal circulation and changes after birth. Teratology, teratogenesis and twinning.

Practical: Microscopy, micrometry and microscope handling. Comparison of light and electron microscopy. General staining techniques and preparation of histological slides. Microscopic examination and identification of basic tissues and their components. Study of structure of mammalian ova and spermatozoa. Study of the whole mount and serial sections of mammalian/chick embryo/foetus at different stages of development Microscopic anatomy of fetal membranes and placenta.


ANH 131 Gross Anatomy II

Course Credit: 3.0 +1.5

Theory: Splanchnology: Gross morphological and topographical study of various organs of digestive, respiratory, urogenital, lymphatic and endocrine systems, pleura and peritoneum in domestic animals. Aesthesiology: Gross morphological study of the eye, ear, nose, gustatory apparatus, hoof, horn and skin in domestic animals. Neurology: Definition, classification and structures/organs of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, neuron, nerve, nerve trunk and nerve plexuses) of domestic animals.

Practical: Outline of body cavities and study of organs of digestive, respiratory, urogenital, lymphatics, endocrine and nervous systems of domestic animals through dissection.


ANH 132 Systemic Histology

Course Credit: 3.0+1.5

Theory: Digestive system: Different segments of the alimentary tract and accessory organs. Respiratory system: Nasal passages, larynx, trachea and the lungs. Circulatory system: Heart and blood vessels, lymphatic tissues and organs. Urinary system: Kidney, ureter, urinary bladder and urethra. Genital system: Male and female genital organs. Endocrine system: Pituitary, adrenal, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, gonads and others endocrine organs/tissues. Integumentary system: Skin and appendages.

Practical: Examination of histological sections of the organs/parts of various systems (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, urogenital, endocrine and integumentary) of domestic animals.


ANH 201 Comparative Anatomy & Neuro-antatomy

Course Credit: 0+1.5

Practical: Comparative Anatomy:

Comparative study of the bones and visceral organs (digestive, respiratory, urogenital, cardiovascular and nervous system) of horse, cattle, goat, sheep, dog, cat and birds.

Neuro-anatomy: Gross structures of central, peripheral and autonomic nervous system. Circulation, ventricles and cerebrospinal spinal fluid of the brain. Dissection and display of the nerves of head, neck, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, tail, and limbs in domestic animals.


ANH 361 Topographic & Surgical Anatomy

Course Credit: 0+1.5

Practical: Topographic location of the organs of different systems of the body of domestic animals and birds in relation to surgery. Nerves block and their sites for various surgical interventions in domestic animals and birds. Surface anatomy of the head, neck, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, limbs, and perineal regions of domestic animals and their surgical interventions.