DEPARTMENT OF GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING
The Department offers courses for Undergraduate program and Postgraduate studies leading to MS and PHD degree. The Genetics and Plant Breeding Department has major research program on the improvement of vegetables, oil seeds and cereal crap through conventional breeding, tissue culture and molecular approaches. The laboratories are fully equipped with modern instruments.
Course Title : Cytology Course Code : GPB 203 Course Credit : 3+1.5
Theory ( 3.0 Cr hr.) Historical review, Call and itch components, plant and animal cell, prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell, Cell organelles related to genetic importance, chromosome morphology, Cell cycle, mitosis and meiosis In diploid organisms, Euchromatin and heterochromatin, Effect of different physical and chemical Agents on chromosomes, Banding pattern, Cerotype-characteristics, variation and its role on speciation .
Practical ( 1.5 Cr hr.) Techniques in cytological studies-microscopy and staining, preparation of fixing agents and stains, Mitosis and meiosis study, preparation of permanent slide.
Course Title : Elementary Genetics, Evolution and Biodiversity Course Code : GPA 235 Course Credit : 3+1.5
Theory ( 3.0 Cr hr.) Historical review, Law of inheritance-law of segregation and law of independent assortment, Modifications of law- gene interaction and lethality, Multiple allele and pseudo allele, test of alleles, Multiple factor hypothesis-concept of hypothesis and example, Penetrance expressivity, pleiotropy, modifier, photocopy and lethal genes, linkage-definition, coupling and repulsion phase, Types of linkage, election of linkage, significance of linkage, Crossing over-definition and concept of crossing over, construction of linkage map, interference and coincidence, significance of crossing over, Gene-classical and modern concept, evidence of DNA, as genetic material, structure and replication of DNA, genetic code, dialogical importance of DNA, Micro bail genetics-genetics of bacteria, virus, plasmid, transposable genetic elements, Recombinant DNA technology – concept, steps of Making recombinant DNA, application, Evolution- concept, theories, evidence, origin of species, Biodiversity-concept, level, threats, significance, Conservation .
Practical ( 1.5 Cr. hr.) Problems related to mongo, di and trihybrid cross, Chi square test, Gene interaction, Measurement of Linkage from f2 and back cross data, Construction of genetic map using linkage test, Problems related to multiple allele
Course Title : Introductory Cytogenetic Course Code : GPB 310 Course Credit : 3+1.5
Theory ( 3.0 Cr.hr.) Historical review, Ultra structure and composition of chromosome, physical and chemical basis of heredity, special types of chromosomes- B-chromosome, iso -chromosome, talocentric chromosome, lamp brush chromosome, polygene chromosome sex chromosome and sex linked inheritance, Structural changes of chromosome deletion, duplication, translocation and inversion, Numerical changes of chromosomes- euploidy, aneuploidy and meiosis on polyploidy, Mutation- definition, types, agents of mutation, mode of mutagens, application and limitation, Cytolplasmic inheritcation-plastid and mitochondrial DNA, Haploidy- mechanisms of haploid induction and its application in crop improvement.
Practical ( 1.5 Cr. Hr.) Identification of chromosome, of chromosome, Induction of poly- policy, Study on numerical and structural changes of chromosomes .
Course Title : Principles of Plant Breeding Course Code : GPB 355 Course Credit : 3+1.5
Theory ( 3.0 Cr.hr,) Historical review, scope and importance of plant breeding ,Crop Evolution- hybridization , mutation and polyploidy, Centre of origin and centre of diversity, Domestication- natural and artificial changes of traits under domestication, Pollination control mechanism in crop plants- incompatibility its cause and singnicance in crop improvement, male sterility- types, causes and significance in crop improvement, Crop genetic resources- conservation, evaluation and utilization, Consequence of salting and hybridization, mating system, population structure, combining ability, full Sid, half Sid, Genetic composition of self and cross pollinated crops-HW law of equilibrium in population, con- cept and theory of heterocyst, inbreeding depression, heritability, genetic advance, inheritance of quality- tive and quantitative characters, Apomixes- its types, genetic basis and application in crop improvement.
Practical ( 1.5 Cr.Hr.) Observation of sporogenesis, gametogeneasis and fertilization in crop plants, Assessment of pollen fertility and sterility of crop plants under microscope by staining methods, Study on floral biology of crop plants and sex expression of crop plants, Assessment of heritability and gain, Estimation of heterosis and inbreeding depression in crop plants,
Course Title : Methods of Plant Breeding Course Code : GPB 465 Course Credit : 3+1.5
Theory ( 3.0 Cr.hr,) Variability and crop improvement, Biometrical approach in plant breeding, Variety and cultivars in plant breeding, Breeding methods for self pollinated crops-introduction and acclimation, mass selec – tion and pure selection, pedigree and bulk, method, modified bulk and SSD method, back cross breeding for dominant, recessive and polygene, Breeding methods for cross pollinated crop- introduction, intra and population improvement, Concept of synthetic and composite variety development, Hybrid variety development, Breeding methods for clonally propagated crop-introduction, hybridization, and clonal selection with special reference to potato and sugarcane, Polyploidy breeding, Mutation breeding, Double haploid production, Breeding techniques in economic crop –rice, maize and sugarcane etc, Distant hybridization-definition, scope, barriers and and its need in crop improvational, Introduction to national and international organizations involve in crop improvement, Variety release system in Bangladesh.
Practical ( 1.5 Cr. hr.) Assessment of variability-mean, standard deviation, variance, PCV, GCV, significant test, LSD and DMRT, Hybridization techniques-procedure of Hybridization, floral biology, pollination system and crossing technique in rice, wheat, maize, tomato, peas, mustard, jute and cotton, Recording data on qualitative and quantitative traits in different crop plants, Visit to breeding institute and seed companies.