Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics & Reproductive Health

Course title: Gynecology & Reproductive Biotechnology
Course Code: GOR 401
Course Credit: 3 + 1.5
Introduction and definition of common terms. Anatomy and Physiology of Female reproduction. Hormones in Female Reproduction.  Puberty and oestrous cycle. Breeding soundness examination of female animals.
Puberty and oestrous cycle, Fertilization and development of conceptus. Etiology, diagnosis, treatment, management and economic importance of infertility, subfertility and sterility.  Factors affecting reproduction – seasonality, nutrition, stress, environment, management, suckling and diseases.Genetic and acquired anomalies of reproductive tract and foetal development  Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of Mastitis. Lactation and artificial induction of lactation.

Embryo transfer technology: selection of donors and recipients.Synchronization, super-ovulation, surgical and non-surgical collection of embryos and evaluation of embryos.Cryopreservation of embryos, transfer of embryos to donors.In vitro fertilization, in vitro maturation, micromanipulation of embryos.Sexing of sperm and embryos.Transgenic animals. Chimeras.Stem cell biotechnology

Clinical examination of female genitalia in slaughter house specimens. Comparative anatomy of female reproductive tracts.Evaluation of female animals for breeding soundness. Per-rectal palpation of female genital organs. Oestrus detection in cattle and buffaloes Fern pattern of cervical mucus and exfoliated vaginal cytology.Techniques of intrauterine therapy. External and per-rectal pregnancy diagnosis in cattle and buffaloes. Differential diagnosis of pregnancy in bovine. Pregnancy diagnosis in small ruminants. Demonstration of reproductive pathological conditions using museum/slaughter house specimens. Use of ultrasound / RIA / ELISA in gynecology. Synchronization of estrus and ovulation in farm animals. Synchronization of estrus in donors and recipients, super ovulation, surgical and nonsurgical collection and transfer of embryos. Collection of oocytes from slaughter house genitalia. In vitro maturation, in vitro fertilization and cryopreservation of embryos. Sexing of embryos.

Course Title: Andrology & Artificial Insemination
Course Code: GOR 431
Credit hours: 2+1.5

Scope of Andrology and Artificial Insemination (AI) in Veterinary Medicine. Functional anatomy and physiology of male reproduction. Spermatogenesis, semen formation and related abnormalities. Clinical examination of males for breeding soundness evaluation. Semen collection, evaluation, processing, preservation and clinical practice of AI. Clinical management of fertility of male animals. Infertility and uterine infections due to faulty AI. Veterinary management of semen borne and AI-related diseases. Recording and clinical analysis of reproductive and AI parameters. Diseases of male reproduction. Health management of AI stud males. Computer application and hormone assays for the veterinary control of AI field services.

Clinical examination of stud males. Collection, evaluation, processing and freezing of semen. Practice of artificial insemination. Clinical practice of the evaluation of bull station and semen laboratory to certify semen to be used at AI. Pathomorphological examination of fresh and preserved semen. Collection of seminal fluid for microbiological examination. Preparation of teaser bulls. Operative techniques for the corrections of injuries and affections of male reproductive system.

Course Title: Reproductive Immunology & Obstetrics
Course Code: GOR 461
Credit hours: 3+1.5

General principle of immune responses, Mucosal immunity of the reproductive tract, Immunopathology of reproduction, Altered susceptibility to infection in pregnancy, Protection of the fetus against rejection, Passive transfer of immunity from mother to offspring, Effect of gonadal hormones on immune function, Immunoregulation of fertility, Immunology of infertility, Defense/tolerance against spermatozoa, Placenta as an immune organ, Immunity in pregnancy, Immunopathology of placenta, Protection of fetus and neonate against infection, Immune related disorders in pregnancy.Sensitization to seminal fluid and spermatozoa, Immonologic factors related to male fertilization failure. Autoimmune orchitis, Immunologimcal castration. Vaccination to maximize fertility.

Introduction and definition of common terms. Types and functions of placenta in different species. Diseases and accidents during gestation, Abortion in domestic animals- diagnosis and control. Dropsy of fetal membranes and fetus, fetal mummification, maceration, pyometra and mucometra. Prolonged gestation, Teratology, premature birth, uterine tortion. Cervico-vaginal prolapsed, Uterine prolapse. Initiation and mechanism of parturition, Termination of pregnancy, parturition, puerperium and involution of uterus in domestic animals. Care amd management of dam and newborn, induced parturition. Dystocia- its causes, incidence, diagnosis and management. Manipulative delivery in farm animals. Animal birth control- ovariohysterectomy and non-surgical interventions.

Pelvimetry of different species of farm animals. Demonstration of different types of placenta. Use of obstetrical instruments. Epidural and other obstetrical anaesthesia. Manupulation of fetal malpresentation in phantom boxes. Handling of prolapse of genitalia- application of vulvar sutures. Fetotomy, ccaesarean section, post operative care and management of obstetrical cases. Demonstration of ovariohysterectomy and cesarean operation. Laparoscopy and ultrasonography of female reproductive organs. Immunoassayes (Radioimmunoassays, Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay, Enzyme immunoassays) in reproductive endocrinology.

Course Title: Theriogenology of Wildlife, Zoo, Aquatic & Companion Animals
Course Code: GOR 462
Credit hours: 2+1.5

Introduction to common terms, scope and importance. Reproductive physiology, mating, pregnancy and parturition, unwanted pregnancy, control of oestrus, disorders of the reproductive tracts, infectious causes of reproductive failure in ungulates, carnivores, aquatic animals, laboratory and companion animals, reptiles, amphibians and birds. Breeding ecology and biology of wildlife, zoo, aquatic and companion animals. Conservation of wildlife, zoo, avian, aquatic and companion animals using reproductive biotechnologies

Anesthesia, diagnosis & treatment of gynaeco-obstetrical and infertility related cases of wildlife, zoo, aquatic & companion animals. Operative techniques of female reproductive system; Clinical practice of pregnancy diagnosis. Demonstration of castration, cesarean section & foetotomy.

Course Title: Theriogenology (Clinics)
Course Code: GOR 501
Credit hours: 0+2

Diagnosis and treatment of genital diseases of male and female animals at the clinics. Treatment of gynaeco-obstetrical and infertility related cases at the clinics and field conditions. On farm practice of reproductive health management, mastitis diagnosis, treatment and udder health management. Operative techniques of female reproductive system. Clinical and laboratory practice on pregnancy diagnosis. Demonstration on fetotomy and cesarean operation. Laparoscopy and ultrasonography of female reproductive organs.