Minimum Course and Research Requirement for M.S. Degree1


A. Major Courses Cr. Minor Courses Cr.
1a. Core 15 2a. Core 3
ENS 501 Principles of Environmental Science  3 STT 501 Methods of Statistics 3
ENS 525 Waste Management    3
ENS 535 Environmental Microbiology 3
ENS 545 Environmental Hazards and Disaster Management 3
ENS 565 Environmental Chemistry 3
1b. Elective                                                                                                              6 2b. Elective                                                                           6
ENS 510 Environmental Pollution and Agriculture 3 SSC 501 Soil Chemistry 3
ENS 515 Agrometeorology 3 CBT 507 Plant Ecology I 3
ENS 521 Ecology 3 ENT 508 Biological Control 3
ENS 531 Population and Environment 3 FBE 510 Fish Biodiversity and Aquatic Environment 3
ENS 541 Global Warming and Climate Change 3 AFE 521 Environmental Pollution & Protection 3
ENS 556 Energy Resource and Environment 3 AFE 523 GIS and Remote Sensing for NRM 3
ENS 575 Organic Farming and Food Safety 3 AGR 530 Microclimate 3
ENS 581 Wastewater and Wetland Environment 3 BTL 532 Environmental Biotechnology and Biosafety 3
ENS 590 Environmental Impact Assessment and Regulations 3 PLP 540 General Microbiology 3
ENS 610 Environmental Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering 3 HRT 541 Research Methodology 3
ENS 620 Environmental Toxicology 3 SSC 556 Soil and Water Conservation 3
AGR 601 Crop Ecology 3
ENT 605 Environmental Toxicology of Pesticide 3
AGR 610 Climate Change and Crop Production 3
CBT 610 Stress Physiology 3
AFE 618 Biodiversity Conservation and Management 3
SSC 642 Environment and Soil Pollution 3
Other Courses2
  B. Seminar  1
ENS 598 Seminar  1
C. Thesis Research 12
ENS 599 Thesis Research                                                               variable

1Degree requirements may be changed on the recommendation of BOS and the Student’s Advisory Committee

2Approved by the Student’s Advisory Committee


Content of the Courses:

ENS 501 Principles of Environmental Science (3 cr): Overview of environment, atmosphere: composition, ecological significance of vertical layers of atmosphere; ecosystem: natural vs. agro-ecosystem, ecosystem services, nutrient cycling; biodiversity: levels, hotspots, bio-wealth, ecological critical areas of Bangladesh, agro-biodiversity and food security, IUCN Red list categories and criteria, conservation; major environmental issues: pollution, land degradation, greenhouse gases, global warming, climate change, resource- and ozone depletion; environmental management:  greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture, carbon sequestration, waste management, organic farming, environmental quality management standard: ISO 14000 series; introduction to environmental friendly bio-products, environmental laws, environmental ethics.

ENS 510 Environmental Pollution and Agriculture (3 cr.): Pollution: concept, types, process and causes; pollutants: outline, characteristics, nature, classes, history and sources of air-water and soil pollutants (NOx, SOx, ozone, CFCs, VOCs, POPs, smog, PM, sewage sludge, industrial effluents and heavy metals); resource pollution: air, water and soil pollution, present status, characteristics, impacts on crops, fisheries, animals and human health in Bangladesh; prevention and mitigation: significance, scope, techniques, policy and regulation.

ENS 515 Agrometeorology (3 cr.): Climate and the atmosphere: scope of climatology, nature and division of atmosphere;  heat and temperature: solar radiation, radiation budget, variability and distribution; metrology and micrometeorology: concept, scope, importance, application; water resources: rainfall, precipitation, water budget, water conservation, water cycle; climate, vegetation and soils: climatic variation with latitude, longitude and altitude distribution of vegetation; climate and agriculture: climatic factors in relation to flora and fauna.

ENS 521 Ecology (3 cr.): Concept, importance, scope, history, branches, different spheres, components and factors; ecosystem: composition, classification, structure, function, services, cut-off, drivers, food web/chains, energy flow, biogeochemical and resources cycles of ecosystem, natural and artificial ecosystems; natural selection: fitness and adaptation, species interactions, competitions; population ecology: demography, population growth, exponential and logistic growth model, population dynamics; community ecology:  structural attributes, qualitative and quantitative characters, vegetation analysis and classification;  succession; biomes: terrestrial and aquatic biomes, characteristics, distribution and related environmental factors.

ENS 525 Waste Management (3 cr.):  Waste: concept, significance, risks and problems, types: liquid (wastewaters, sewage sludge, effluents and leachate), solid (MSW, kitchen waste, agro-wastes and plastics), domestic, industrial, medical, putrescible/non-putrescible, hazardous waste ( nature, classes, rules of transportation and disposal, TRIC, placards), e-waste and radionuclide, composition, characteristics, sources, scenario in global and Bangladesh aspects and impacts; management: outline, importance, principle, policy and regulation, scope, methods/treatments (segregation, collection, transportation, pyrolysis, gasification, liquefaction, supercritical water oxidation, digestion, biodegradation, composting, hierarchy, proximate analysis, 5Rs);  disposals: scope, significance, dumping, incineration, landfill, sea disposal, lagooning, impacts; utilization: importance, scopes, prospects, process, land utilization,  energy generation and materials recycle.

ENS 531 Population and Environment (3 cr.): Population dynamics: factors affecting population change, birth and death rates, migration, demography transition model for developed and developing nations, Bangladesh models; population and environmental sources: impacts on agriculture, water, forest losses, atmosphere and climate, energy and species extinction, population and biogeochemical cycles, population and deforestation; population and social environment, population policy and planning: Policy implications of population growth and density, migration, urbanization, agricultural innovations, and technology transfer; family planning.

ENS 535 Environmental Microbiology (3 cr.): Overview of basic microbiological concepts;  modern classification of microbes;  fungi: structure, diversity, and ecological considerations; bacteria: cell envelope, appendages, and their environmental significance, glycocalyx producing bacteria; archaea: classification, role in methane emission and nitrification; microbial analysis: sampling, processing, detection, enumeration and identification; microbial gums, polysaccharide and metabolites in the formation of soil architecture, soil aggregation and soil erosion control; airborne microbes: airborne toxins, bioaerosols; microbes in aquatic environments: biofilms, pellicles and microbial mats, and their application in pollution control; microbes in extreme environments, microbial functions: biogeochemical transformation, spoilage of food, biodegradation of organic and metal pollutants,  probiotics, biopesticides, bioenergy and bioterrorism.

ENS 541 Global Warming and Climate Change (3 cr.): Global warming: Concept, history, signs and causes; fundamental processes: solar variability, orbital mechanics, atmospheric and oceanic circulation; greenhouse gases: past and present concentrations, global warming potential, atmospheric life time and radiative forcing; measurement of gas fluxes, capture and storage of carbon dioxide, ozone hole in relation to global warming; gas cycles; modeling effect of global temperature and sea level rise; consequences, impacts and adjustment to potential global warming; climate: components, climate types, climatic zones, characteristics, Köppen Climate Classification (KCC); climate change: causes and roles of El Niño and La Niña, drivers, indicators, impacts and consequences, conventions and protocols: CC, IPCC, UNFCCC, COP, Kyoto protocol.

ENS 545 Environmental Hazards and Disaster Management (3 cr.): Concept and classification of hazards and disaster; hazard, risk and disaster relationship; nature, assessment, magnitude and analysis of risk; exposure, human vulnerability, variations in vulnerability and impact of various natural hazards; geoenvironmental problems identification and risk management, frame work for risk based site management; dimension of disaster; major hazards and agricultural disasters in Bangladesh: river erosion, flood, drought, salinity, cyclone, their causes and possible management; earthquake: seismological aspect, magnitude, intensity and frequency and earthquake hazard reduction;  landslide: causes and management; coastal hazard and disaster management: types and levels of costal hazard, adjustment of hazard, warning and forecasting system; disaster and hazard reduction: preparedness, scope of mitigation, mitigation methods, relief and rehabilitation, risk reduction model and institution; information technology and disaster management; early warning information, GIS based disaster technology.

ENS 556 Energy Resource and Environment (3 cr.): Energy concepts and issues, human―environment energy balance; energy resource and their exploitation: sun as source of energy―nature of its radiation, conventional energy sources: coal, oil, biomass and nature gas, non-conventional energy sources: hydroelectric power, tidal, wind, geothermal energy, solar collectors, solar ponds, nuclear-fission and fusion; Energy use in developing and modern societies: patterns of energy consumption and environmental impact, energy in transportation sector, energy in residential and commercial sector heat engines and power plants; nuclear energy and related issues: radioactive waste, challenges and opportunities; energy and sustainability.

ENS 565 Environmental Chemistry (3 cr.): Concept and scope; environmental sphere: atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, geosphere and anthrosphere; matters and cycles: exogenic and endogenic cycles, sources of materials, biogeochemical cycles, metals: class, source, uses, toxicity index and impacts of heavy metals; nuclear energy: radionuclides, world nuclear power scenario, nuclear fission and fusion reaction,  foot print, debate of  nuclear power plant in the world and sustainable energy;  atmospheric chemistry:  energy transfer, atmospheric gases,  particles and their formation, photochemical smog, ozone formation, chemistry in ozone hole,  and acid rains; geochemistry: formation of geosphere, clay minerals and their impacts on the environment;  Chemistry in biosphere: microbial activities, corrosive substances, bioaccumulation of hazardous chemicals, carbon sequestration and mitigation process. Chemistry in hydrosphere: hydrological cycle, trace elements, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals,  oil spill in water bodies, algal nutrients and eutrophication, BOD, COD, DO, and TDS, pesticides in water, water disinfection  and purification process;  methods of environmental chemical analysis.

ENS 575 Organic Farming and Food Safety (3 cr.) Safe food: Concept, status, food contamination and adulteration, assessment of food safety, food certification, public health; organic agriculture: concept, history, prospects, principles; considerations of production of organic crops, livestock and fisheries; organic farm development; methods: diversity, pest management; economics: marketing, distribution and profitability; organic movement, standards and certification; environment, biodiversity conservation and food security.

ENS 581 Wastewater  and Wetland Environment (3 cr.): Wastewater: problems, prospects, properties, types, sources, status and impacts; treatment plant: structure, design, diagram of lab and commercial type bioreactor, DWTP and ETP; treatment: physical treatment – screening, sedimentation, aeration, floatation, filtration, coagulation and flocculation, membrane process; chemical treatment – chemical precipitation, digestion, disinfection, ion-exchange, carbon absorption, biological treatment – aerobic and anaerobic digestion, bioseparation, bioremediation, trickling filters; disposal: significance, scope, methods and recycling; Wetland: concept, problems, prospects, present status of wetlands in Bangladesh, characteristics of water and soil, biodiversities and its nature of existence, population densities and  growth pattern, existing agricultural practices in different seasons, possible threats and management techniques.

ENS 590 Environmental Impact Assessments and Regulations  (3 cr.): Concept, scope and goal of environmental impact assessment (EIA), origin and development of EIA in USA and Bangladesh, role of USEPA in developing the EIA in developing countries, EIA costing, EIA in project planning and implementation; EIA methodology: information collection, identification, prediction, impact assessment, mitigative measures, environmental management plan (EMP) and environmental monitoring, utilization; Environmental regulation and auditing-hazardous waste legislation, protocols, nature of environmental auditing, audit planning, basic component of auditing; Case study of EIA of some developing countries; Role of GIS in EIA baseline study; Risk assessment and risk management: definition, legal frame work, risk evaluation, characterization, risk analysis, industrial issues and health risk etc.

ENS 596 Reading and Conference (Credit to be arranged but not more than 3 cr.): Specail study assigned by the Major Professor on the recommendation of the advisory committee and/or interest of the student.

ENS 597 Special Problems (Credit to be arranged but not more than 3 cr.): Investigation of special problems in the discipline of Environmental Science but not related to the thesis problem as assigned by the Major Professor. The investigation may consist of original research and/or literature survey.

ENS 598 Seminar (1 cr.): Discussion on assigned topics in the field of Environmental Science.

ENS 599 Thesis Research (Credit to be arranged but not less than 12 cr.): Original thesis research.

ENS 610 Environmental Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (3 cr.): Environmental pollutants; metal toxicity effects on cells, mechanisms of metal resistance and detoxification;  microbial metal transformation, biofilm: formation, quantification, regulation, molecular basis, application in remediation of wastewater; bioremediation: strategies, application in remediation of heavy metals, radionucleides,  biodegradation of aliphatics, alicyclics, aromatic, heterocyclic compounds and pesticides, biotechnology in production of bioenergy, bioplastics, biosurfactants, enzyme production, bioleaching of metals and other industrial applications; biosensors in environmental analysis, genetic engineering: fundamentals, antibiotic, heavy metal and herbicide resistance plasmids; environmental genomics, potential risks of GMOs to the environment, recombinant DNA technology in pollution control.

ENS 620 Environmental Toxicology (3 cr.): Metabolism of toxic substances by animals and plants, toxic subbstances released by microbes: Clostridium botulinum toxins, Staphylococcal enterotoxins, mycotoxins, and algal toxins; toxic metals: Be, Hg, Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni, Sn, V, Zn, As, Cr, Fe, Se and their toxic effects; atmospheric toxicants: CO, hydrocarbons, SO2, particulates, NO2, fluorides; assessment of environmental risk: toxicants in the soil, natural waters, distribution of toxicants in the biosphere, monitoring environmental toxicants.

Note: Students having CGPA below 3.00 will not be allowed to enroll ENS 596, ENS 597 until he/she raised the CGPA to 3.00 and above.