AGROFORESTRY AND ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT
AFE 501 Agroforestry Concepts and Practices (3 cr.): Theoretical: Definitions, related terms, concepts, characteristics, potentials and constraints of agroforestry. Major approaches to classification of agroforestry systems and practices. Bene- fits/services of agroforestry. Ecological, environmental and socioeconomic consid- erations for agroforestry. Agroforestry systems and practices, and their main characteristics. Distribution of agroforestry systems and practices in the tropics and subtropics.
Field visit: Visit to agroforestry programs both GOB and NGOs for getting acquaint- ed with the real working conditions. Students are required to prepare and present a report on the visit.
AFE 505 Agroforestry Species (3 cr.): Concepts of agroforestry species. Guidelines in the selection of agroforestry species. Definition and concept of multi- purpose tree species. Role of multipurpose tree species and shrubs in agroforestry development. Biology, ecology and uses of indigenous and exotic tree species. Limitations and problems in the use of multipurpose trees and shrubs. Agroforestry species management. Mensuration.
AFE 506 (3 cr.) : Agroforestry Systems and Management: General overview of agroforestry development: Past, present and future. Major forest ecosystems/agroforestry potential areas of Bangladesh with their physical and biological characteristics. Traditional and improved agroforestry systems and practices in Bangladesh with major characteristics, advantages and limitations. Management of traditional agroforestry systems for sustainability and higher productivity. Traditional and improved agroforestry systems and technologies in the South Asia and elsewhere in the world.
AFE 507 Social Forestry (3 cr.): Defini- tion and concept of social forestry. Evolution, characteristics and types of social forestry. Relationship of social forestry with production forestry, protection forestry, agroforestry, agriculture and rural development. Scope and opportunities of social forestry for poverty alleviations and rural development. Social forestry in Bangladesh: Interventions and achievements. Impact of social forestry on biodiversity, environment, and socio- economic conditions of people. Planning, management and evaluation of social forestry projects. Exercise on social forestry project evaluation.
AFE 510 Utilization of Tree Products (3 cr.): Concepts of utilization of tree products and their importance in the field of agroforestry and environment. Utilization of products: fuel wood, fodder, sawlogs, pulplogs, pulpwood, poles, posts,
wood-waste, non-wood forest industries. Introduction to the forest (wood and non- wood) based industries: sawmill industry, pulp and paper industries, match factories, hardboard mills, veneer plants, particle board factories, doors, windows, and cottage industries. Methods of logging and extraction of tree products. Seasoning, preservation, treatment and processing of tree products. Grading and methods of selling tree products.
AFE 511 Environmental Systems and Processes (3 cr.): Overview of global environment. Concept of weather and climate. Concepts, classification and importance of environment. Environmental segments: Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere and Biosphere. The natural cycles of the environment. Biotic and abiotic environmental factors. Terrestrial and aquatic environment: concept and brief discussion. Global environmental issues.
AFE 512 Farming Systems (3 cr.): Concepts and characteristics of farming systems. Gradual development of farming system research in Bangladesh. Terminology related to farming system. Principles and approaches of farming system research. Similarities and dissimilarities between farming system research and other research systems. Determinates of farming system. Operational steps in farming system research. Components of farming system, their brief description and linkages with other subsystems. Status of farming system research in Bangladesh.
AFE 515 Silvicultural Practices in Agroforestry (3 cr.): Concepts of silviculture and its need in the field of agroforestry. Characterization of different forest ecosystems in Bangladesh and their species. Nursery practices for agroforestry plantations: seed collection, seed extraction, seed grading, seed storage, nursery site selection, lay-out, pre-sowing seed treatment, raising of containerized and bare-rooted seedlings, vegetative propagation, grafting, stumps, tissue culture, tending of planting stocks, preparation of out-planting and nursery management. Concepts of silviculture system, its classification and forest management in Bangladesh. Planting and management of agroforestry plantations: site selection, choice of species, artificial regeneration methods, site preparation, planting methods, factors for growth and development of forests, tending operations, cost estimation of plantation. Technique for measuring tree parameters: tree height, girth, volume and biomass.
AFE 521 Environmental Pollution and Protection (3 cr.): Concepts and compo- nents of environment. Overview of global environment. Pollution of the environment: Past, present and future. Causes and phenomenon of environment pollution. Causes of increasing green house gases and their harmful effects. Global impacts of environmental degradation. Resources and the environment. Environmental changes and biodiversity. Environmental challenges: Options for protecting environment and biodiversity with emphasis on agroforestry systems. Environmental fate of pesticides, transport & transfer/movement of pesticidal residues in environment, pesticidal hazards to man and domestic animals.
AFE 531 Methods in Agroforestry Research (3 cr.): Basic statistical concepts. Research issues in agroforestry.
Steps in experimentation. Differences between field crop and agroforestry experimentation. Correlation and Regression. Experimental design. Basic experimental designs: CRD, RCBD, LSD, Split-plot. Special designs for Agroforestry experiments. Methods of data collection, data analysis and interpretation of results.
AFE 541 Agroforestry Components and Interactions (3 cr.): Description of differ- ent components of agroforestry. Concepts, nature and types of interactions. Ecological interactions between agroforestry components. Processes of Tree-Crop interactions. Microclimate modifications in agroforestry. Methods for quantification of Tree-Crop interactions. Management techniques for efficient use of growth resources for maximizing the overall productivity.
AFE 596 Reading and Conference (Credit to be arranged but not more than 3 cr.): Special study assigned by the Major Professor on the recommendation of the Advisory Committee and/or interest of the student.
AFE 597 Special Problems (Credit to be arranged but not more than 3 Cr.): Investigation of special problems in agroforestry and environment not related to a thesis problem as assigned by the Major Professor.
AFE 598 Seminar (1 cr.): Discussion on an assigned topic in the field of Agroforestry and Environment.
AFE 599 Thesis Research (Credit to be arranged but not less than 12 cr.): Original thesis research.
AFE 601 Tree Physiology (3 cr.): Con- cepts and scope of tree physiology. Struc-ture of tree: a brief morphology and physiology. Growth characteristics: root and shoot growth, cambial growth, repro- ductive growth. Eco-physiology: Photosynthesis, respiration and water relations. Mineral nutrition. Translocation: water and solutes transport, mechanism of pholem translocation. Transpiration: measurement of transpiration, factors affecting transpiration. Growth regulators. Environmental and cultural factors affecting tree growth.
AFE 602 Forest Ecology (3 cr.): Concept of ecology, populations, communities, ecosystems, landscapes and biosphere. Factors affecting tree species and forest ecosystem development in a particular environments. Interaction of forest species with soil and other physical environments. Processes in terrestrial ecosystem which affects of energy, water flow and nutrient cycling. Impact of environmental changes on a forest community. Forest ecosystem management, carbon sequestration.
AFE 603 Homestead Agroforestry and Management (3 cr.): Overview of tropical homestead resources including Bangladesh. Structure and function of the homestead. Major production components of homestead. Homestead utilization and production systems. Different microsites, their characteristics and limitations. Species composition and diversity at different positions/microsites. Sustainability of the homestead in view of biophysical and socioeconomic aspects. Scope for improvement of homestead space utilization.
AFE 604 Hill Ecosystem and Management (3 cr.): Geology, soil, topography slope, climate, flora and fauna of the hill ecosystem with particular reference to hills of Bangladesh. Land tenure in Chittagong hill district. Household structure, economics and livelihood of the peoples living in the hills of Bangladesh. Present production system and its impact on ecology, biodiversity and economy. Possible management options for improving the efficiency of the present production system. Development and research priorities for sustainable and equitable resource management.
AFE 605 Mangrove Ecosystem and Management (3 cr.): Importance and significance of mangrove forest. Distribution of mangrove in the world including Bangladesh. Characterization of mangrove ecosystem. Structure and function of mangrove ecosystem. Flora and fauna of mangrove and their productivity. Present status of mangrove resources in Bangladesh. Factors affecting depletion of mangrove resources and their impacts on ecosystem and biodiversity. National policy, rules and regulations of mangrove management in Bangladesh.
AFE 606 Forest Seed Technology (3 cr.): Importance of tree seed education. Principles of selection of species and seed. Tree seed biology. Factors influencing seed production. Seed sources and tools for seed collection. Tree seed collection, extraction, grading, drying and storage. Establishment of seed orchards and germplasm management at farmers and community levels. Tree seed business.
AFE 610 Environmental Studies and Farming Systems (3 cr.): Basic environ- mental issues and nature of environmental problems. Interaction between environ- ment and organisms. Review of farming systems in Bangladesh. Farm environment and agro ecosystem. Impact of environ- mental degradation on farming compo- nents. Analysis of interacting forces of biological, technological, social and cul- tural to maintain a balanced environment for sustainable agricultural development.
AFE 611 Climate Change, Agroforestry and Food Security (3 cr.): Concepts of climate change. Causes of climate change. Impacts of climate change on various sub- sectors with regard to Bangladesh. Climate change and future food security. Adaptation to climate changes. Agroforestry approaches to combat climate change risk and vulnerability. National and international efforts in addressing climate change.
AFE 613 Soil Conservation and Watershed Management (3 cr.): Concepts of soil conservation. Types of soil erosion. Factors affecting soil erosion. Soil loss measurement techniques and equations. Principles and planning of soil conservation. Conservation approaches with their merits and demerits. Agroforestry practices for soil erosion control. Concept and characteristics of watershed. Causes and impacts of watershed deterioration. Principles of watershed management. Watershed management planning, procedures, inputs requirement and economic analysis. Watershed development and management in Bangladesh
AFE 615 Medicinal Plants and Utilization (3 cr.): Introduction to common medicinal plants. Morph physiological characteristics, propagation and growth of medicinal plants commonly
found in Bangladesh. General introduction on useful parts of selected medicinal plants used in treating common diseases. Production and conservation of medicinal plants in different production systems. Medicinal plants in the development of herbal industry.
AFE 618 Biodiversity Conservation and Management (3 cr.): Concepts and classification of biodiversity, nature and role of biodiversity in ecological progress and ecological dynamics, value of biodiversity, genes and genetic diversity, ecological diversity. Depletion of biodiversity. Status of endangered species and causes. General measures for conservation of species, populations and genetic diversity. Principles and practices of in situ and ex-situ conservation. Access to genetic resources and gene bank management. Global and national biodiversity conservation strategies.
AFE 697 Special Problems (Credit to be arranged but not more than 3 cr): Investigation of special problems in agrforestry not related to a thesis problem as assigned by the Major Professor to be taken one in the programme period but not more than 2 units at a time. The investigations may consist of original research and / or literature survey.
AFE 698 Seminar (2 cr. not more than 1 cr. per Term): Discussion on assigned topics in the field of Agroforestry and Environment.
AFE 699 Dissertation Research (Credit to be arranged but not less than 30 cr.): Original dissertation research. Note: Students having CGPA below 3.00 will not be allowed to enroll AFE 596, AFE 597, AFE 696 or AFE 697 until he/she raised the CGPA to 3.00 or above.
Table 5. Minimum Course and Research Requirement for MS Degree1
- A. Major Courses Cr. Minor Courses Cr.
|1a. Core||12||2a. Core||9|
|AFE 501||Agroforestry Concepts and Practices||3||AGR 501||Principles of Crop Production||3|
|AFE 505||Agroforestry Species||3||SSC 556||Soil & Water Conservation||3|
|AFE 521||Environmental Pollution and Protection||3||STT 501||Methods of Statistics||3|
|AFE 541||Agroforestry Components and
|1b. Elective||6||2b. Elective||3|
|AFE 506||Agroforestry Systems and Management||3||AGR 505||Crop Physiology||3|
|AFE 507||Social Forestry||3||AGR 512||Forage Crop Production||3|
|AFE 510||Utilization of Tree Products||3||AGR 530||Microclimate||3|
|AFE 512||Farming Systems||3||CBT 503||Plant Physiology I||3|
|AFE 515||Silvicultural Practices in Agroforestry||3||CBT 541||Plant Biochemistry I||3|
|AFE 531||Methods in Agroforestry Research||3||HRT 501||Principles of Vegetable
|AFE 601||Tree Physiology||3||HRT 506||Principles of Fruit Production||3|
|AFE 610||Environmental Studies and Farming
|3||HRT 511||Spices & Plantation Crops||3|
|PLP 605||Diseases in Agroforestry||3|
|ENT 518||Integrated Pest Management||3|
|SSC 514||Soil Plant Analysis||3|
|SSC 538||Soil Fertility||3|
- C. Research
AFE 599 Thesis Research 12
1Degree requirement may be changed on the recommendation of the Board of Studies and the Student’s Advisory Committee.
2Approved by the Advisory Committee.
Table 6. Minimum Course and Research Requirement for PhD Degree1
|A. Major Courses||Cr.||B. Minor Courses||Cr.|
|1a. Major Core||15||2a. Minor Core||12|
AFE 505 Agroforestry Species 3 AGR 530 Microclimate 3
AFE 506 Agroforestry Systems and Management 3 ENT 605 EnvironmentalToxicology 3 of Pesticides
AFE 541 Agroforestry Components and Interactions 3 HRT 511 Spices and Plantation Crops 3
AFE 602 Forest Ecology 3 PLP 605 Diseases in Agroforestry 3
AFE 613 Soil Conservation and Watershed 3
1b. Major Elective 12 2b. Minor Elective 6
|AFE 507||Social Forestry||3||AEC 545||Agroforestry and Economics||3|
|AFE 510||Utilization of Tree Products||3||AEC 550||Resources and||3|
|AFE 511||Environmental Systems and Processes||3||AGR 512||Forage Crop Production||3|
|AFE 512||Farming Systems||3||AGR 601||Crop Ecology||3|
|AFE 521||Environmental Pollution and Production||3||CBT 531||Plant Nutrition I||3|
|AFE 531||Methods of Agroforestry Research||3||CBT 541||Plant Biochemistry I||3|
|AFE 601||Tree Physiology||3||CBT 605||Plant Physiology II||3|
|AFE 603||Homestead Agroforestry and Management||3||CBT 610||Stress Physiology||3|
|AFE 604||Hill Ecosystem and Management||3||GPB 631||Plant Biotechnology||3|
|AFE 605||Mangrove Ecosystem and Management||3||HRT 507||Minor Fruits of Bangladesh||3|
|AFE 606||Forest Seed Technology||3||HRT 591||Plant Propagation||3|
|AFE 610||Environmental Studies and Farming||3||HRT 601||Plant Tissue Culture||3|
|AFE 611||Climate Change, Agroforestry and Food||3||HRT 621||Processing of Horticulture||3|
|AFE 615||Medicinal Plants and Utilization||3||HRT 651||Organic Farming||3|
|AFE 618||Biodiversity Conservation and||3||SSC 523||Soil Microbiology||3|
|SSC 602||Soils of Bangladesh||3|
|Environmental and Soil
- B. Seminar 2
AFE 698 Seminar 2
- Dissertation Research 30
AFE 699 Dissertation Research Variable
1Degree requirement may be changed on the recommendation of the Board of Studies and the Student’s Advisory Committee
2Approved by the Advisory Committee